The Old Market Square
The beating heart of Toruń. It was established during the second stage of the city’s medieval development. At the beginning it was a trading square, where certain places were named after the goods that were sold there. The most representative place in the market – its western frontage (called the tournament square) – is where meetings of townsmen, games and knightly tournaments were held. The most important buildings in the Market Square include the Old Town Hall, which is one of the most outstanding examples of medieval architecture, the neo-Renaissance Artus Court and the 18th century Holy Spirit Church. In 1935 the Old Town Square was entered in the register of monuments. It was also placed under conservation protection as part of the historic urban layout of the Old and New Town.
The Old Town Hall
The building of this once main landmark in the city is one of the most magnificent gothic objects in metropolitan areas in Europe. Its current form is the result of architectural transformations over many centuries. It was created at the end of the 14th century, during the peak period in the city’s development. Its functionality was also unique, combining commercial, administrative, and judicial functions. Today the object belongs to the District Museum and holds in its interiors collections of Gothic art, craftwork, portraits of Polish kings, a gallery of Polish painting, Toruń coins, and extremely valuable treasures of Skrwilno and Nieszawa.
The Burghers’ Hall
The Burghers’ Hall took its name from the collection of portraits and coats of arms of Toruń’s citizens. It was the most important room of the Town Hall and on several occasions hosted royals, envoys and other important personalities. It was here that the Prussian councils gathered, as did, on three occasions, the Polish Sejm. In this room, power was passed over to Poles in 1920. These days, it still serves as a representative hall, which hosts meetings, conferences and concerts.
The Artus Court
The present building of the Artus Court, one of the most representative of Toruń’s Old Town, was constructed in the years 1889-1891 by Rudolf Schmidt in place of three other buildings. The original Artus Court from 1386 was the central point of social life for the richest townsmen. It was here that the Second Peace of Toruń was signed. The original building was demolished in 1802 due to its poor technical condition, and replaced in 1829 with a new, two-storey object intended as a theatre stage. It also used to be a part of the Nicolaus Copernicus University and the student club Od Nowa. Today the building still plays an essential role in the cultural and social life of the city. It is now the seat of the Artus Court Cultural Centre.
The multi-purpose concert and conference hall, the newest in Toruń, was built in 2013-2015. Officially opened on 12 December 2015, it became the new seat of the Toruń Symphony Orchestra. In 2008, out of 22 projects submitted to the international competition for a Concert Hall in Toruń, the concept by the Spanish architect Fernando Menis, the founder of the practice Menis Arquitectos SLP, was selected. The Culture and Congress Centre consists of four modules, which contain a concert hall with 882 seats, a Chamber Hall with 287 seats, conference rooms, a café, offices, and a two-storey underground car park with 185 parking spaces.
St. James Church
In 1264, the New Town of Toruń was established to the east of the Old Town of Toruń, to find space for craftsmanship. The most prominent building in the south-east corner of the New Town Square was, and remains to this day, the Gothic Church of St James the Apostle. It was built as a basilica, with the use of two storeys and a gallery under the windows on the first floor, which rarely occurs in the Baltic lowlands. All the literature on the subject unanimously acknowledges the outstanding artistic importance of this church. The inner side of the choir belongs to some of the most beautiful works created in medieval brick architecture. This church has the richest sacral architecture in the lands of the former Teutonic state.
St Stephen's Church
The church was built in Gothic revival style in 1902-1904 on the site of the former city moat by the present-day street Wały gen. Sikorskiego. It was designed by Richard Gans from Berlin for the Evangelical-Reformed community established in 1676. Severely damaged during WWII, it was handed over to the Evangelical-Augsburg Parish and, after renovation, reconsecrated on 26 August 1945 when it received its present name. It has two naves, a modest apse pointing to the west and a tower in the north-east corner. The Gothic revival style stained-glass dates back to the time of construction as well as the 13-voice organ, lectern, baptismal font and pews. The church is also known for the 17th century painting "The Adoration of the Lamb" transferred from the former Holy Trinity church on the New Market Square.
The Church of Holy Spirit
The Church of Holy Spirit was built in the late Baroque style in the mid-eighteenth century to serve the community of Toruń Lutherans. In the aftermath of the 1724 religious riot, St Mary's Church was returned to Catholics and only in 1754 did the Lutherans obtain permission from the king to build a simple house of prayer on the condition that from the outside it bore no resemblances to church buildings. For this reason, they were forbidden to erect a tower; the present tower was built only in the late nineteenth century. Used by Protestants until 1945, it was given into the care of Jesuits, who have established there university chaplaincy. In the 1980s, the church was a meeting place for anti-communist opposition movements. The interior includes several ornaments in the Rococo style, especially the main altar and the door to the sacristy manufactured in 1756 with the use of a wood inlaying technique (intarsia). The church organ, built in the second half of the eighteenth century, was burnt during the fire that burst out on May 1989 and destroyed much of the church's interior. They have now been replaced with a new organ decorated in keeping with the original design.
The Amphitheatre of "Baj Pomorski"
Shakespeare Theatre in Toruń, modeled on "The Globe" theatre in London, is the second building of this type in Poland. It has the form of artistic installation, consisting of several elements: an amphitheatre with a roofed auditorium, an animated sculpture park consisting of 120 dolls and 12 scenes related to seasons.